Rare, prion caused, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was diagnosed for the first time in a live person in Lithuania. Disease manifestation created a conundrum for specialists in Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas Clinics. Clinicians from five departments - neurology, psychiatry, radiology, pathology and neurosurgery have been working in close cooperation.
Disease incidence is 1-2 cases per 1 million people a year. Moreover, authors had a puzzle to solve when differentiating between posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, Heidenhain variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and various psychiatric disorders. Psychiatrist- resident of Psychiatry clinic, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Edgaras Dirzius and colleagues presented the diagnostic difficulties that were encountered with this particular patient publishing “Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with unusual initial presentation as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: a case report” in BMC Neurology (IF 1.961/2015).